A GUIDELINE OF PERFORMING
DEFINITIONS AND INTERPRETATION
Refers to space beyond the atmosphere of the earth.
Prioritization in Islam in safeguarding the purity of the religion, mental, life, property and offspring of mankind.
Refers to the dry ablution in Islam using clean sand or dust, which may be performed in place of ablution, only if water is not readily available.
Refers to anything permissible under Islamic law, in contrast to haraam, which is forbidden.
Refers to the part of the body that must be covered for the sake of basic decency under the Islamic law.
A Guideline of Performing
2.1 Issues on ‘Performing
2.2 Since the possibility of sending a Muslim astronaut to the ISS was apparent, lots of opinions and suggestions have been proposed by academicians and others regarding the issue of performing
2.3 Issues on how to do
2.4 In conjunction with that, ‘Seminar on Islam and Living in Space’ had been organized by the National Space Agency (ANGKASA) in collaboration with the Department of Islamic Development Malaysia (JAKIM) on 25–26 April 2006 for the purpose of identifying related issues in performing
Rules of making
i. Using pure, not sacred material
ii. Using a solid material
iii. Using a dry, non-slippery material
iv. Using not less than 3 pieces wipes/tissues
v. Before the
vi. Before the
3.2 Cleansing Oneself
i. Cleansing from minor impurity (ablution)
Cleansing from minor impurity is by
ii. Cleansing from major impurity
Cleansing from major impurity is the same way as in 3.2 (i).
3.3 Determining the Direction of Qibla
Qibla direction is based on what is possible, prioritizing as below:
i. The Ka’aba
ii. The projection of Ka’aba
iii. The Earth
3.4 Determining the Prayer Time
The daily five prayer times is defined in a 24 hour duration (equals to 1 Earth day) following the time zone at which port the astronaut is launched (in this case, Baikonur, Kazakhstan).
i. Daily prayers could be performed in
ii. The performance of the physical postures (such as standing, bowing and prostrating) is to suit the conditions in ISS, prioritizing as follows:
a. If upright standing is not possible, then any standing posture,
b. Sitting. Bowing is by bringing down the chin closer to the knee or the prostrating place,
c. Lying down on the right side with body facing the direction of Qibla,
d. Lying flat
e. Using the eye lid as an indicator of the changing of postures in prayer,
f. Imagining the sequence of prayer.
i. Fasting can be performed at the ISS or
ii. The time of fasting according to the time zone of the location at which the astronaut is launched.
3.7 Caring of the Deceased
i. The deceased need to be brought back to Earth for normal funeral process.
ii. In the case the former is not possible; the deceased should be buried in space with a simple funeral process.
4 OTHER RELATED ISSUES
If there is doubt on whether the food served on ISS it is halal or not, it is then permissible to eat the food on the basis of not to starve.
4.2 Dress code
A Muslim astronaut need to cover his
i. According to Islam, traveling to space is encouraged.
ii. A Muslim astronaut needs to observe traveling ethics which are:
a. To maintain the relationship with Allah SWT
b. To observe peace with other beings
c. To maintain sustainability of the space environment.
It is the hoped that this guideline could assist the Muslim Astronaut to ensure the success of the mission and at the same time attaining the redha (pleasure) of Allah SWT.